Friction Materials & Friction Material Manufacturers
Friction materials—also known as brake materials and clutch materials—are a type of material used to induce resistance in situations where slow or decreased movement is necessary. Applications include clutch and brake systems, operating systems, automotive equipment, and industrial machinery all need to be able to stop or slow down their processes. Components such as friction pads and linings and disc brake pads are made from friction materials.
In order to provide additional friction and thus increase their efficiency, friction materials are textured or have a rough surface. Manufacturers utilize smoother surfaces to transport materials more efficiently. However, the more texture is added to a surface, the greater the amount of energy required to move over it. In turn, an object can be more easily slowed down or stopped. Since heat energy is a byproduct of the process of creating friction, materials that are resistant to heat are commonly used to make friction materials. The most popular choice for friction materials used to be fibers made from asbestos. However, due to the increase of health concerns associated with exposure to asbestos, ceramic has become a popular material to use as an alternative. Ceramic is highly durable and resistant to heat, and is thus used in high-friction environments. Friction materials need to be capable of enduring high amounts of physical stress, since the wearing down of material unavoidably produces friction. Applications that require friction materials to properly function include brake blocks, brake shoes, friction discs, clutch discs, clutch discs, disc brake pads, clutch facing, brake lining, brake bands, clutch sets, and brake pads. Industries that make frequent use of these products include construction, automotive, forestry, oil and gas, and mining.
Some Leading Manufacturers
Cleveland, OH | 800-626-6540
Cook Bonding & Manufacturing Co., Inc. has been serving the friction material community for over 35 years! We are your single source for all friction material requirements. We offer a wide variety of friction materials, gear tooth facings, press blocks, overhead crane brake shoes, and hoist frictions. We also offer a wide range of custom specialty products. For more information, visit our website or call us today!
Mount Kisco, NY | 914-244-3600
ProTec Friction Group has been a worldwide producer of friction materials since 1988! We supply industries like highway, agriculture, construction, oilfield, marine, mining, railroad, and more! Our company is dedicated to quality and we adhere to ISO9000 quality management requirements. We offer both standard and custom friction solutions! Visit our website or call us today to learn more!
Mount Joy, PA | 717-492-9600
For decades, Ferotec Friction has been manufacturing and providing high quality friction materials to a variety of industries and customers all over the world. We put our extensive experience to work for our customers, delivering all kinds of flexible molded materials, rigid molded materials, woven materials, and wind turbine materials. With so many types of friction materials available, we can provide a solution for all of your friction needs!
Middlesex, NJ | 732-667-7937
Phoenix Friction Products is your clutch and brake pad specialist. We specialize in providing heavy-duty friction material solutions for commercial trucking and braking applications. We have more than 30 years of experience working with large corporations like FedEx, UPS, Interstate Brands, and WonderBread that depend on the reliable performance of our friction products. Whatever your friction material needs may be, we will put our expertise to work and deliver a quality solution for you!
Milwaukee, WI | 800-817-3847
Here at Great Lakes Friction Products, we are committed to developing and manufacturing high-quality friction materials and products, specializing in providing complete friction assemblies. With capabilities including bonding, molding, stamping, die cutting, machining, and grinding, we can create a truly exceptional, customized friction material solution. Connect with our friction material experts to find the best friction assemblies for your needs!
The definition of friction is the resistance to relative motion that opposes an object’s direction of movement. Friction is created when a solid object comes into contact with a diverging surface. Friction can be used anywhere from simply slowing down or stopping an object, or accelerating it to a certain speed. The type of material used depends greatly on the type of friction that is needed. Types of friction include static, kinetic, and rolling friction. The first, static friction, occurs when two solid objects do not move relative to each other, and movement is prevented altogether. An important thing to consider when implementing this type of friction is the slope of the surface. Kinetic friction, or dynamic friction, happens when two objects move relative to one another. One surface may be moving along a stationary object, or both surfaces may be in motion. In the occurrence of rolling fiction, wheels or balls are utilized. A wheel or ball is caught by a rough material, preventing it from slipping or sliding. For example, when a car tire spins on ice or snow, friction prevents it from catching on the ground and allows it to keep rotating.
Two key requirements of every friction material are sufficient energy absorption, and a high coefficient of friction. In order to ensure maximum effectiveness, it is necessary to be familiar with the system for which the friction component will be used. A material with a high amount of friction is essential in situations where an object needs to be quickly stopped. Heat generation is another thing to consider. The materials that were once ideal were carbon and resin-bonded asbestos. However, continued developments in technology have made a wider variety of materials available. For example, ceramic has become a popular material due to its heat-resistant properties. Products such as semi-metallic brake materials are made using brass, copper, and steel wool bonded by resin. These elements are similar to ceramic in terms of durability.
Friction materials are used in braking systems to slow down wheels or bring them to a stop, as well as preventing movement altogether for other components. Pressing a brake activates a system where a friction material is placed against a moving disc, thus slowing down the connecting wheels. Friction discs are commonly made from metal. However, the use of metal has a drawback, which is the grinding noise created when friction is applied. It is common for manufacturers to coat metallic braking components with other high friction materials such as rubber. The addition of rubber enhances the braking system’s ability to produce surface friction. The different mechanisms that are activated during the braking process include brake pads, linings, blocks, and shoes. Clutch discs and clutch facing operate in a similar way so the clutch is engaged and disengaged efficiently. The production of fiction has become an industry all its own in addition to being a vital aspect of numerous other industries. The constant evolution of the industry has influenced manufacturers to keep their friction material compositions and advancements a secret in order to set them apart from the competition. For example, the introduction of ceramic into the industry has opened numerous doors as to how efficient and durable friction materials can be made. Reduced noise and faster stoppage have become common demands for braking and clutch products. Technological developments are constant in this industry, and thus, the quality of frictional materials have come a long way and will continue to advance.